Smoking during pregnancy is bad, simply unacceptable, because this frail children are born: they weigh little, often get sick.This is known to all.And not so long ago, scientists have shown that a child still in the womb accustomed to nicotine, smokers at risk of becoming fat crazy with criminal tendencies and "cleft palate".
It was like
Paradoxically, the dangers of smoking humanity learned only in the 50-ies of XX century, and before that even doctors have been one hundred percent sure that tobacco is harmless.However, the vague suspicion that children are better to not abuse nicotine creeps.Not for nothing in the mid-1920s, the young Soviet government issued a propaganda poster with the warning: "Smoking non-smoking students learn less."
Smoker deteriorated sharply only in 1956, when 40 thousand doctors from different countries compared the medical records of their patients.And then it turned out that heavy smokers is many times more likely to suffer non cardiovascular and lung disease, and lung cancer."What else to expect from the ills of tobacco?"- Scared scientists and hastily undertook a study of the effects of nicotine on living organisms.
Animal experiments have shown that animals are killed by tobacco.Apparently, that's when there was an expression: "A drop of nicotine can kill a horse."Gradually, scientists discover new facts about the effects of cigarettes on the human body.It was found that smoking affects not only the lungs, bronchi, and heart, but also worsens the work of the endocrine glands, disturbed digestion, spoiled character and teeth, reduced potency.However, the greatest harm smoking causes unborn children.
Why do you girls ...
All nicotine, carbon monoxide, benzo / a / pyrene and even some radioactive substances from cigarettes, getting into the body of a pregnant woman, after the first tightening instantlypass through the placenta to the baby.Moreover, the concentration of these substances in the body of the fetus is much higher than the maternal blood!What's going on, you can easily imagine.
nicotine occurs spasm of blood vessels of the placenta and the baby appears anoxia.Toxic substances act on all of its delicate organs, preventing the baby to develop normally.
As a result, the majority of children born to smokers, are born with low birth weight are often sick, they grow more slowly than their peers are more likely to die in childhood.Statistics show: smoking (regardless of the number of cigarettes smoked) during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse completion almost in 2 times!
After scientists published these shocking data, it became clear to quit even before pregnancy - the only way of having a healthy baby.
However, even when the dangers of cigarettes became known to all expectant mothers, many women have not been able to give up on the first nine months of the bad habit.Warnings about the mysterious failure of weight and intrauterine growth retardation sounded abstract and mental and physical nicotine dependence was real.
Quitting smoking helps neither a positive attitude, no nicotine patches and gum, or psychotherapy and acupuncture.Approximately 25% of all pregnant women continue to smoke.
By the end of XX century new data on the effects of smoking on pregnancy shocked the medical world.It turned out that nicotine is bad not only on the physical but also the mental state of the child.
German scientists have shown that children of smoking mothers at an early age characterized by inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity useless, even the level of mental development they have below average.Most often develops so-called syndrome of "restless Phil" - these children tend to be aggressive and prone to deception.
British doctors have found that children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy, 40% increased risk of developing autism , a mental illness in which a person can not to contract with the surrounding reality and focuses on the world of their own experiences.
Trying to explain the resulting fact, scientists have suggested that to blame the lack of oxygen supply of the fetus' brain.In addition, it is possible that nicotine affects specific genes responsible for psychomotor function.
international team of researchers at Emory University in Atlanta (GA) has found a link between smoking pregnant women and the subsequent tendency of children to crime.It summarizes the four thousand men born in
Copenhagen from September 1951 to December 1961, as well as stories of arrests to 34 years.It turned out that those men whose mothers smoked during pregnancy are 1.6 times more likely to be imprisoned for non-violent crimes, and 2 times more likely for violent.
This frightening discoveries were not over.In 2003, British scientists have identified a relationship of smoking at an early stage of pregnancy and the birth of a child with a cleft face.
According to the author of the study Peter Moss (Professor, Faculty of Dentistry University of Dundee), the formation of the sky takes place on 6-8 week of pregnancy, the expectant mother and smoking during this period can be manifested in the form of "cleft palate" or "cleft lip"The child has.
Additional studies confirmed the hunch.42% of mothers whose children were born with facial deformities and smoked while pregnant.With regard to non-smoking mothers, then they are "wrong" children were born twice as often.
Around the same time, US researchers have shown that women who smoked during pregnancy were significantly more likely born clumsy children.The risk of deformity among such children is higher by 34%.And if the same maternal smoking combined with hereditary factors, the risk of clubfoot increases 20 times.
And finally, the most recent data
Children of women who smoked during pregnancy, one-third more likely than all others at risk by age 16 get diabetes or obesity.
In boys born to smoking mothers, the testicles are smaller, and the concentration of sperm in an average of 20% lower than that of children smoking.
Children of mothers who smoked during pregnancy, several times more likely to start smoking themselves than children whose mothers during pregnancy did not smoke.