Circumcision - the removal of the foreskin surgically.It is more due to cultural traditions than medical indications.Circumcision - a kind of interference in the very intimate area associated with the family and religious traditions.Normally, the feasibility of circumcision is the most heated discussions.Modern parents, before you decide on circumcision of his son, should carefully weigh the "pros" and "cons", and most importantly - think of related to this operation is dangerous.
famous Greek philosopher Philo, who lived in the I century, outlined his views on circumcision.They reflect his attitude toward physical love.According to Philo, circumcision - a "cut passions", and penis - "an instrument that serves the passions."In order to curb the passions, it is a tool to be crippled.
Mangle - so identified Philo circumcision.It causes a serious injury to every man who underwent circumcision.
But whether true statement of Philo?Is naked glans penis is less sensitive than the closed foreski
Is removal of the foreskin reduces the masculine sensuality?How to test it?It is safe to say one thing: we have still much to learn, to gather a lot of facts to give the necessary information for parents to answer many questions - this is the least that we owe to our sons, the future of men.
Until very recently, the evolution of the foreskin has been shrouded in mystery.Today, embryologists know that the foreskin and the head develop from a single tissue.Immediately after birth, they are fused state, since their development is still ongoing;When it is completed, the foreskin is spontaneously separated from the glans penis.
Only 4% of newborn foreskin has separated from the head.About 50% of boys born it can not move so that you can see the opening of the urethra.Contrary to popular belief, adherent foreskin completely inhibits urination.This can be seen immediately after birth.
Renowned pediatrician Dr. Hugh Jolly wrote: "There is no doubt that the best thing you can do with the foreskin of the newborn son is to leave it alone; you just need to give her time to the very separate from the head, and it will start to easily pull back. Itoccurs in about 4 years of age. It is best to try to move the foreskin during bathing. However, if the head is exposed to hard, do not zealous, in a hurry there is no need ...
If you try to pull the foreskin before it happensnatural separation can damage the skin and cause bleeding. At the site there is a scar damage. In cases where the foreskin is fused with the head, circumcision is no longer avoidable. Here is an example of how ignorance creates problems that could not be. "
Right up until the moment of natural branch of the foreskin protects the head from infection.In infancy cleaning the glans penis in boys, as well as the clitoris in girls, occurs spontaneously by itself.The paradox lies in the fact that it was after circumcision there is an urgent need for a careful maintenance of the head of the penis.The recesses and folds of skin in the bridle and the corolla are an ideal place for bacteria.
How is it done?
The following are methods of circumcision used in the West in the first weeks of life.Especially impressionable nature can refrain from reading.
Method using clip
This method consists in the fact that the foreskin is trapped in small ring-shaped clamp, which is made on the edge of the circumcision.Thereafter mites allowed to stand for several minutes in order to compress the edges of the wound and reduce bleeding.
foreskin is pulled forward as much as possible, gripper type guillotine, and the "incident" makes cutting blade.
After both operations is wound between the head and the body of the penis.Sometimes surgery is accompanied by profuse bleeding.Then, cut the wound edges closer together and begin the healing.Complete healing usually occurs after 10 days.
about what methods are used in the circumcision of children, parents, professing Judaism and Islam, can learn from their priests.
The problem is that circumcision causes severe pain.In most cases, operations are done without anesthesia because it is assumed that in the first weeks of life is associated with unnecessary risk.Imagine how small, helpless being tied to a specific table for cutting.The child lies on him, crucified and abandoned by all ... He reacted with horror to the bright lights of surgical lamps, the sound of metal tools, masks, doctors, gleaming knives and a terrible physical pain.
We can not know how long to continue his torment.How cruel our new beautiful world!
journalist Philip Baffle wrote in "New York Times": "Newborns feel pain. It is not necessary to explain to parents, it's not a mystery to many pediatricians. But among doctors, operating newborns without anesthetics or with a minimum of use, dominated by straightthe opposite view.
According to a scientific research, 77% of all infants operated in the 1954-1983 biennium. about the serious defects of the cardiovascular system, received only a local anesthetic, in the best case interrupts the nitrous oxide. Meanwhile moreeffective painkillers, which are suitable for children, has long passed into the category available. Such a rare use of painkillers in the handling of newborns once again testifies to the fact that medical practice is sometimes based on incomplete knowledge and erroneous views and criticism on the part contributes to the establishment of the truth.
situation changes.Most US medical schools have used painkillers during major surgery.However, some anesthetists stubbornly stick to his earlier views and there are still surgical units, where small children operate without anesthesia in the case of simple operations, such as circumcision ".
We do not know whether to keep itcruel treatment deep imprint on the psyche of the child. The psychological effects of circumcision is not yet known. We can only speculate about them. The degree of credibility of our assumptions is likely to be the same as when reasoning about the beneficial effects of music on the development of the fetus in the womb.
We know how to act on the newborn needle prick when blood sampling. The resulting pain, fortunately brief, cause rapid heartbeat and shortness of breath, sweating and crying. Why are we at the end of the XX century are not trying to find out what impact is circumcision?
arguments of circumcision
There is a well-known expression: Mother so wish, doctors get the money, the sons can not argue.
last two statements do not need proof.But why mothers insist on circumcision?Usually they try to protect the child and to deliver them from pain and suffering.
Religion. About one-sixth of all men in the world are circumcised.The Jews of children circumcised on the eighth day after birth, the Muslims - between the eighth and tenth year of life.
Tradition. boys in the family from time immemorial are circumcised."That was good for the ancestors is good for our child," - say the parents.
social groups.There is tradition of circumcision in Britain and in the United States, especially in families belonging to the middle class.In Europe, where the situation is more respect for the male genitals, circumcision as a manifestation of snobbery has not caught on.
cost of operation. tradition of social groups and the cost of the ritual are interdependent.The price of the operation depends on demand.Happiness to children in families whose meager financial resources do not permit circumcision.
appearance. For a person educated in certain traditions, wrinkled skin of the foreskin looks unattractive.Better perceived "neat" head made after all the rules of operation of circumcision.
Health. Parents, of course, interested in observing the rules of hygiene in relation to their child's sexual organ.The possibility of infection and dirt under the foreskin causes them concern.
Aesthetics. head is not circumcised, it has a smooth, slippery and wet surface.After cutting, it becomes dull and dry.Modern mentality often equates dryness and cleanliness, it is a mistake.From this point of view is not touched by the head of circumcision is perceived as dirty.
another point of view: "for" or "against"
Arrangements partner. Young people in the United States regularly go to the doctor about circumcision.His decision, they often motivate the insistence of the partner, which is usually caused by three factors: hygiene, aesthetics, tradition.Woman afraid of dirt that may accumulate under the fold of skin, it is unpleasant kind of wrinkled foreskin, and finally, she wants her partner looked just like all the men in her family.Most claims relate to three factors simultaneously.
Health. penis penetrate the glands that moisturize and clean the surface.Slippery, wet the surface of the glans penis corresponds to the humidity of the female vagina.Naked as a result of cutting head must adapt to new conditions.
In the past, it was difficult to observe the rules of hygiene.Therefore, the foreskin has a bad reputation - it is associated with infection and an unpleasant odor.In modern conditions while respecting the rules of hygiene does not make sense to accept this reasoning in favor of circumcision.
Aesthetics. aesthetic presentation due to tradition.The perception of beauty is dependent on the viewer.It varies with the customs.Shy woman who seeks to get rid of prejudices and complexes, can help, for example, the contemplation of Michelangelo's David.
Tradition. where there are similar problems, but more in-depth features.Many parents follow the tradition unconsciously, without regard for the established customs.Therefore, the tradition passed down from generation to generation without any analysis was inherited values.
There are areas where every boy are circumcised, while in other regions there is no case.Typically, a child belonging to another group becomes the subject of ridicule of their peers.Therefore, parents, knowing that they are not able to protect him from such troubles, seeks to facilitate his life, as far as possible.It is possible that on your son being bullied because he belongs to another group, or vice versa, he scoffs at those who are different from him.Try to find out.
The above views properly considered in the context of culture, not medicine.But really what has stood the test of time, can be uniquely bad?Perhaps in the old customs of a wisdom and today I deserve respect?Otherwise, why some doctors are still supporters of circumcision?
Love, even if not always crazy, it may nevertheless be excessively passionate.Excessive friction can cause sudden rupture of the foreskin during intercourse, bleeding and pain.It is always a matter of concern and fear.
Do not worry!When damage to the skin of the penis, as well as skin, bleeding is more abundant than in other parts of the body.Place a pillow under the genitals so that it is at a higher level and make a cold compress, which will stop the bleeding.To avoid falling into the wound infection should be kept clean.You can take a painkiller.If there is a deep gap sometimes need stitches.Consult a physician.
Before wound closure is absolutely contraindicated continued sexual activity.Prematurely started an active sex life prevents healing, and sometimes leads to the rediscovery of the wound.
possible to avoid the appearance of cracks in the foreskin if he felt vaginal dryness, you just interrupt sexual intercourse.A simple preventive measure in this situation friction reducing agents are intimate cosmetics.Do not hesitate to be careful, use, if necessary, "slip agents".
complications in the elderly
Older men difficulties may arise if the foreskin does not move for a long time with the head of the penis.As a result, the foreskin can lose its elasticity.If you try to pull it back, it seems to narrow and taut, with an erection can be partially stuck, causing discomfort.
Before you decide on circumcision, try to consider other options.Your problem may be eliminated by a urologist small incision.This simple and does not require time-consuming operation can be done in a doctor's office.And do not forget that unlike other parts of the body, the penis is healing more slowly.However, if the pinching foreskin and inflammation head repeated, there is a need in cutting, particularly diabetes.Usually, relief comes immediately after the operation, the pain goes away, receding concern.It is the ideal solution in such situations.
Each operation is associated with the risk of complications.
Removal of the foreskin in adulthood is not such a simple operation, as is commonly believed, but in most cases, surgery gives very good results.It should be able to take care of the foreskin.Difficulty retraction folds of skin sometimes caused by chronic diseases that reduce the interest in sex.If the erection foreskin does not move back permanently, pull the its daily during washing.In any case, if the difficulties are exposing the head, you should seek medical advice.
Is there a link between cancer and uncircumcised foreskin?
Cancer of the penis is rare and most often affects the uncircumcised men.Cervical cancer often suffer from male partners of uncircumcised foreskin.It would seem that these two facts are enough to tip the scales in favor of circumcision.But is this true?
In order to reduce the risk of cancer, the foreskin should be removed in the first months of life.If circumcision is performed later as Muslims, the risk of cervical cancer is the same for partners "circumcision" and "uncircumcised" males.This suggests that the cause of the disease lies in the failure to comply with hygiene rules.Perhaps it would be easier instead of circumcision of newborn sons convince their older brothers and sisters in need of hygiene?
phimosis and paraphimosis. Children rarely born with narrowed foreskin.This disorder usually occurs later may be adults.
Infection of the penis. Studies in New Zealand showed that in the first years of life of the circumcision of children infectious inflammation of the penis there are 5 times more likely than uncircumcised (due to lack of the foreskin protects the head).Later, the situation is exactly the opposite: the older boys are sick 5 times more likely if they are not circumcised.
girls in infancy often suffer from urinary tract infections than boys of the same age.In girls, the urethra is shorter and easier to infection into the bladder.
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