Potassium - a mineral that helps maintain water and acid balance in the blood and tissue cells, is involved in muscle building and transmits electrical impulses between cells and nerves.Symptoms of hypokalemia, or potassium deficiency include dry skin, muscle weakness, fatigue and delayed reactions.If potassium deficiency progresses rapidly, or left unattended, the result can be heart problems and paralysis.
hypokalemia - a very serious condition that requires immediate medical care.
Effects on blood pressure, skin and bones
If a person has a slight potassium deficiency, it may not have any specific symptoms.However, in people with low sensitivity can occur potassium salt or sodium, which sometimes leads to increased blood pressure.The result of the low level of potassium may also be abnormally dry skin, since this mineral has an important role in maintaining a level of fluid in the body cells.Potassium is needed for bone health, because it prevents the activation of the body's natural metaboli
fatigue, irritability and confusion
People with potassium deficiency may also feel tired and weak.This mineral helps the body to use glucose, its main energy source, and if in the process there are any failures, it makes a person feel exhausted.Furthermore, if there is not enough available muscles for their proper operation, the amount of energy, they become weaker.
As an electrolyte, potassium plays a key role in the transmission of electrical impulses throughout the body.
When a person has a low level of potassium, transmission of impulses is slowed or not done as needed.This can lead to the appearance of irritability, anxiety, confusion and depression, and these symptoms can only be aggravated if accompanied by other effects of potassium deficiency such as fatigue and weakness.
Potassium plays an important role in muscle contraction, so deficiency of this mineral can cause a number of symptoms of muscle.Slow response, cramps and spasms - all the effects of potassium deficiency.People who do not get this mineral in sufficient quantities can also be exacerbated by problems with the legs during sleep, including restless legs syndrome and severe, sudden cramps in the calf muscles.
Over time, strong potassium deficiency can cause damage to the muscles themselves, leading to the rupture of their fibers.This may cause rhabdomyolysis - a condition in which the muscle fibers of proteins into the bloodstream.These proteins can damage the kidneys, and in severe cases lead to renal failure.
paralysis and problems with the digestive system
Low levels of potassium in the body can also cause paralysis, as this mineral is vital for the transmission of electrical impulses that enable muscle movement.The paralysis can occur anywhere in the body, but most often it affects the digestive system.When parts of the system are paralyzed, it becomes impossible to correct digestion, which leads to pain in the abdomen and stomach, constipation, and bloating.
may also occur tireotoksicski periodic paralysis, which is caused by an excess of thyroid hormones in the body.
Treatment of such an excess of thyroid hormones increases the levels of potassium in the body that helps to reduce muscle weakness and paralysis weakening.Another type of paralysis caused by a low level of potassium in the body, is a congenital abnormality called hypokalemic periodic paralysis.In these cases, potassium deficiency is not the result of illness or diet and potassium transmission anomalies between blood and muscle cells.
One of the most dangerous effects of potassium deficiency is that he is able to make the heart beat is not as expected, causing the arrhythmia.Man with arrhythmias may experience a sudden heart palpitations, pain in the chest and dizziness.This is a potentially life-threatening condition because it can lead to a delay of the next heartbeat or full cardiac arrest.
Known causes of potassium deficiency include severe diarrhea, vomiting and excessive sweating.The use of diuretics and laxatives, and eating disorders such as bulimia can cause a lack of magnesium, which is a factor contributing to the development of potassium deficiency.Some antibiotics and other medicines can also cause this condition.The cause of potassium deficiency can be a disease-suppressing ability of the kidneys to retain potassium such as Liddle's syndrome, hyperaldosteronism and Cushing's syndrome, and hyperthyroidism - a disease that causes the thyroid gland to produce hormones in too large quantities.
If potassium deficiency is due to a particular disease, or vomiting and diarrhea, doctors usually perform the treatment of these conditions, as well as take care of that patient in the diet was enough potassium.If the cause is a drug, it is advisable to increase the content of potassium diet and, in some cases, replacement of the preparation can be carried out.Also it may need to take mineral supplements, if the patient can not get enough potassium intake.In severe cases, intravenous maintenance produced potassium.
Foods rich in potassium include beef, chicken and fish, particularly cod, salmon and sardines.Good sources of potassium are vegetable peas, tomatoes, leafy vegetables, beans, lima and peel potatoes.Bananas, seaweed, melon, apricots and citrus fruits are also rich in potassium.Dried fruit, such as dried mangoes and apricots, as well as nuts and chocolate are concentrated sources of potassium.
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