Folic acid is a natural form of vitamin B9 .This vitamin is involved in many processes in the body and plays an essential for prenatal development of the child.Folic acid deficiency can cause a wide range of symptoms, including forgetfulness, irritability, loss of appetite, diarrhea, mouth sores, ulcers, anemia, and heart palpitations.Infants folate deficiency manifests itself in the form of neural tube defects.
Folic acid has a number of critical biological functions.One of them is synthesis of nucleic acids DNA and RNA .Folic acid is also involved in DNA repair mechanism that helps prevent cancer.Another function of folic acid is in the production of erythrocytes.In addition, folic acid is important for heart health, renal function, vision, bone density and immune system function.Many biological functions of folic acid means that both short-term and chronic deficiency of folic acid can lead to serious health consequences.
Folic acid is essential for the production of white blood cells and red blo
Folic acid deficiency can lead to anemia and suppressed immune function, is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, cancer, depression, rheumatoid arthritis and kidney disease.There is reason to believe that the deficiency of folic acid may enhance the symptoms of menopause and increase the risk of osteoporosis.People with Parkinson's disease who are taking levodopa, folic acid can help prevent loss of bone density caused by the drug.
deficiency of folic acid may increase the risk of birth defects in the developing fetus, namely the risk of a neural tube defect.
These defects affect the brain or spinal cord.One of the most famous of neural tube defects is spina bifida, in which part of the spinal cord exits through the hole in the spine.Some types of neural tube defects cause abnormal development of the brain.One example is anencephaly , in which the child is born blind, deaf or with impaired function of the brain.
For men and women the recommended daily dose of folic acid is 400 micrograms.For pregnant women, the recommended daily dose is 600 micrograms.
Increase dosage due to the importance of folic acid for the development of the fetus.Women who plan to become pregnant, should increase the intake of folic acid before pregnancy it is particularly important to take the necessary amount for the first month of fetal development.Folic acid deficiency is often seen in people who abuse alcohol, or people suffering from diseases of the liver and kidneys and gastrointestinal tract.
Folic acid is present in many foods, including in green vegetables such as spinach, fruits, legumes and grains and meat byproducts .In some countries folic acid is added as an additive in flour.
So whether useful folic acid?
folic acid when planning pregnancy