new major study showed that cigarette smoking may reduce a woman's life by 10 years.Quitting smoking before 40 years (and preferably before the anniversary) helps to avoid a 90% increased risk of death, quitting smoking and 30 years reduces this risk by 97%.These are the main results of the study «Million Women Study», published in the online edition of «The Lancet» («The Lancet").Participation in the survey was 1.2 million. Women aged 50 to 69 years.The participants answered a series of questions regarding their lifestyle, including smoking.The same questions they asked again three years later.During the 12-year follow-up 66 000 from the number of these women died.
Women who continued to smoke after three years from the start of the study were three times more at risk of dying in the next nine years, compared to non-smoking women.This increased risk suggests that two-thirds of all deaths of women smokers aged 50 to 70 years or more related to smoking and diseases caused by them, in par
about long-term risks
Early studies analyzed the risks of smoking in men.The first generation of women seriously addicted to smoking, was born in the 1940s.Thus, the present study is the first of its kind examined the effects of long-term data on smoking, abandoning it and the risk of death among female smokers.
«If women smoke the same way as men, and the mortality from them are the same.At the same time, regardless of sex, smoking cessation before middle age prolongs life for 10 years ", - says researcher Christine Pirie at Oxford University in the UK.
Rachel Huxley is the co-author of the commentary on the new study, epidemiologist at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis."Researchers have succeeded for the first time to assess the full impact of smoking on women, - she says.- It is also disastrous for women as for men. "
Promise research is clear: "Do not start smoking, and if you started smoking, the throw - says Huxley.- If you quit smoking during the period from 30 to 40 years, the risk of dying from serious chronic disease is greatly reduced. "
Quitting smoking is never too late
With this statement agreed Patricia Folan.She is director of the Center for Tobacco Control at the organization «North Shore-LIJ Health System» in Great Neck, New York."Stop smoking as early as possible", - she says.
young smokers feel invulnerable and believe that the diseases associated with smoking, never let them touch.However, the sooner quit smoking, the more health benefits it will bring.
Women smokers may fear that giving up smoking can lead to weight gain.However, the harmful effects of smoking on the body is greater than the risks associated with weight gain."To the harmful effects of smoking and weight gain equal, you have to dial from 76 to 100 pounds," - said a foul.
Currently, there are a large variety of tools to help quit smoking.These include counseling, nicotine replacement therapy (patches, and chewing gum), and other drugs."Set a time and try to prepare for it, - she says.- Stop buying cigarettes blocks, go to the pack.And tell everyone that you are trying to quit smoking. "
Uelles Arkley, Master of Medicine, is a specialist in lung cancer in the Cancer Institute at the University Health Huntsman of Utah in Salt Lake City.He says that the study does not reveal what are the 10 years prior to his untimely death.This period is very difficult."Death 10 years earlier should be for a minimum of 10 years of a debilitating disease, which can make up a quarter of his life."
findings represent a huge reservoir of information, which should surprise the people radically review its attitude to smoking.