A new study found that children of mothers who suffer from postpartum depression constant is likely to be short in stature at the age of 4 and 5 years.The researchers examined data on 10,700 children who took part in a long-term cohort study of newborns.Children born in 2001 and were followed up until 2007.As it turned out, the children of mothers suffering from depression during the first nine months after birth, found themselves on the growth in the 10th percentile in the age of 4 to 40% more and 48% more in the 10th percentile in five years compared to childrenwomen who do not suffer from depression.
percentile compares the growth of children in the background of their peers.Contact with the 10th percentile means that the growth of the child is less than 90% of its peers."We found that women with more severe depressive symptoms in the first year after birth, children are likely to be stunted in preschool and kindergarten age," - said the study's lead author Pamela Surkan, assistant professor of the S
«Experts do not fully understand why maternal depression is associated with short stature children are likely to play the role of particular feeding and nutrition," - said Dr. Michelle Terry, the attending physician of the Children's Hospital in Seattle and a professor of pediatrics at the School of Medicine at Washington University.One of the symptoms of depression can be loss of appetite."Since I'm not very hungry, then I do not care if they want to someone else in my environment there, including a baby," - says Terry.
In addition, women during the depression may suffer from insomnia, resulting in disturbed sleep and children's feeding regime."Feeding a child is also a social interaction," - added Terry."If the mother observed mood swings or ambivalent emotions, the child can not strive for food as at the time of social interaction.What amounts to neglect ", - she seemed.
According to the study, maternal depression can cause stress to the child.Chronically high levels of the stress hormone cortisol is associated with reduced levels of growth hormone in children.Although the researchers found an association between maternal depression and short stature in children, they could not prove that the mother's depression can affect the baby's growth.
The researchers also found no association between depression and harmony mother of children, children of depressed mothers were not more likely to have underweight for their height or age.However, scientists note that getting into the 10th percentile on the growth does not always mean that things are bad.If the child's parents are not high, it is likely the child will be stunted.
«If you are short, because your parents are small in stature, and genetically You must be in the 10th percentile, then that's fine," - said Surkan - "But if the reason you are in the 10th percentileis the lack of food or diseases in childhood that have not been treated properly, then you have a problem.Stunting (usually determined by the growth in both the 5th percentile or less) is associated with an increased risk of certain diseases and death in childhood and even in the long term. "
Previous studies have also shown that maternal depression can lead to poor development, including the reduction of growth in the first two years of life, according to the information in the study.
study published online September 10 in the October issue of the journal Pediatrics.