Currently rages in India, the annual outbreak of Japanese encephalitis, which this time is characterized by its large size.According to official information, at this point in medical institutions of the country are about 900 infected, and the number of victims of a dangerous infection has reached 200 people.Particularly regrettable is the fact, and the fact that most of the infected - children aged from six months to 15 years.
The vast majority of infected live in poor rural families in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, but isolated cases dangerous disease occurred on the territory of the neighboring state of Bihar and Nepal.At this time, the epicenter of the outbreak of encephalitis occurred in the city Gorakpur, which is close to the Indo-Nepalese border.
In this connection, an Internet resource medportal.ru quoted expert on Japanese encephalitis Rashmi Kumar (Rashmi Kumar) from Lucknow Medical College, who said that this year the outbreak of a viral infection is "extremely violent."The same Gorak
It is worth noting that the outbreak of Japanese encephalitis in India are a seasonal phenomenon, which accounts for the rainy season.It was at that time the country flooded low-lying areas, turning into a fertile place for mosquito breeding Culex tritaeniorhynchus, who are carriers of the pathogen Japanese encephalitis - the virus of the family Flaviviridae.We have already noted that this virus mainly affects children under the age of 15 years.
Today in the arsenal of medicine there is no specific treatment for this disease, and because the main and the main method of combating it is timely vaccination.At the same time, the Indian bureaucratic system prevents the development of an effective vaccination program, which the Indian epidemiologists can still only dream of.
At first glance, the situation is, like, budge in 2005, when the death of a thousand children during the seasonal epidemic has led to numerous protests, forcing the Indian government to buy a large consignment of vaccinations against Japanese encephalitis in China, and then proceedto mass vaccination.Unfortunately, the "fuse" the Indians did not last long - in 2008 the party free vaccines have been delivered to Uttar Pradesh only in early September, with much of the drug turned out or expired, or unfit for use because of violations of the storage conditions.
remains to add that in the current year supply of vaccine, designed to protect the citizens of India from deadly infections, were again made in a clearly insufficient amount ...