The danger of lifts for children written in the rules of use of lifts.Many people probably know.However, not everyone knows what is the main danger for the baby lift, and that the victims of such mechanisms becomes a lot of babies.And in the US children aged from zero to two years - the main risk group.Is not it strange?
large-scale epidemiological study conducted Dr. Joseph O'Neill (Joseph O'Neil) of the Medical School of the University of Indiana (Indiana University School of Medicine) and colleagues from the University of Ohio (Ohio State).
Scientists analyzed statistics injury and damage to a child in the elevators for the period from 1990 to 2004 in all of the United States.This was done thanks to the data collected in the national electronic system of the US Commission on the safety of consumer products (Consumer Product Safety Commission - CPSC).
total of 14 years there were 29,030 accidents related to the lift and children.The average age of the victims was 8.1 years, and more than half of inj
an average of 100 thousand children and adolescents had 2.5 injuries.For children aged 5-19 years, the ratio was 1.9 for the same 100 thousand, but for kids from 0 to 4 years old - already 4.2.
only 5.4% of the accidents occurred due to the fault of the elevator.And it is not hard to guess that the most common cause of injury was the elevator door, gripping parts of the body (usually hands and feet).
most common type of injury - damage to the soft tissues.However, many of these injuries were received when the child is deliberately trying to arm or leg to prevent the elevator doors closed.
Fortunately, the hospital gets only 2% of the victims.The majority - with a closed head injury, the injured hand or finger.
However, the researchers hit the hardest by the fact that the largest percentage of elevator-related injuries (28.6%) received children under the age of two years.
"That's what really surprised us is the number of infants with head injuries. It seems that mothers do not realize how vulnerable children are sitting in wheelchairs or on their hands, before the doors of the elevator" - says O'Neill, the results of the research group that publishedin the Journal of Clinical Pediatrics.
The doctor adds that the easiest way to prevent damage - is a good example that adults should serve the children never to interfere with the elevator doors closed.Otherwise the kids start to imitate their parents, even though they lack silenok and "victory" in the end gain the door.
And, of course, the authors find no harm to repeat for the millionth time - small children in or near the lifts must be strictly controlled, especially when entering or exiting the cab.Of particular concern to scientists triggered the so-called "an elevator surfing" (Elevator surfing), meaning that teens go outside the elevator car.With this extreme entertainment bound nearly 22% of injuries among children aged between 15 and 19 years.
this deadly "surfing" stupid teenagers typically involved in large high buildings in which several elevators are located close to each other.Daredevil their way into the building early in the morning, when there few people, and crawl through the cabin hatch on its roof.After this, they either jump from the cab at the cab while driving or riding on the roof.Several people died because of this.
As for the "relationship" lifts and adult Americans, according to official data, elevators and escalators kill about 30 and seriously injure about 17,000 people each year.
Half of deaths falls on the workers who install, repair elevators or doing something in the mines, or near them.The two main causes of death - falling and getting into or between the moving parts of elevators or escalators (by the way, about the dangers of escalators for the children, we were told).
In conclusion of the elevators and the victims in Russia.In October last year, Rostekhnadzor said that nearly a quarter (24%) of the 440,000 elevators Russia has fulfilled his term, and one third is outdated.At the same time, by some miracle, "the level of fatal accidents in the operation of elevators in the nine months of 2006 decreased compared with the same period of the last nine to eight cases."