Women live longer than men, but are worse - if you believe their own opinion.At least, such a conclusion allows to do some research, which analyzed how assess their men and women.The last such study conducted by the Andalusian School of Public Health (Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública - EASP), showed that, regardless of the social and material status, gender affects this estimate.
"I do not have health, I worked all her life in a very intense rhythm, both at home and outside the home," - said one of the participants in this study.As a result, scientists have come to the conclusion that, in addition to biological differences, gender roles in society, associated with their sexual function affect the perception of their own health.Women, especially after 45 years, less than men assess their health."20% of men and 40% of women believe that they have a health problem," - says Maria del Mar Garcia Kalvente coordinator EASP.
self-reported health - one of the most commonly used indicators in the analysis of so
Although the term "health" has evolved, and evolved from the concept associated with the absence of the disease, in good health, his perception is very subjective."Health - a state of mind, a sense of the individual himself," - says Garcia Kalvente.In recent years, a trend towards improvement in the perception of health among the Spanish population, but women over 45 still rate their health lower than men.The difference, according to the report of the Spanish Society of Public Health and Sanitary Management (Sociedad Española de Salud Pública y Administración Sanitaria - Sespas), increases with age.For example, among people over 64 years of experience the feeling of ill health 55.1% of men and 67% women.In general, women of any age group say that they have worse health than men.
This difference between men and women is explained not only by biological differences but primarily social and material inequality of the sexes.According Carme Borrell, not in the least affect the different roles played by men and women, as "labor conditions are closely related to health," and women "double work load at work and at home have a negative impact on health."The women claim that they have health worse, more likely to suffer from the limitations associated with health, more likely to have chronic diseases, depression, arthritis, rheumatism."Men are more common other disorders - asthma and heart disease," - said Borrell.Empirically proven Javier del Toro says that women are more likely to suffer a painful chronic diseases such as lumbago or fibroma."In my rheumatology consultation over 80% of patients - women," - says rheumatologist hospital complex Kanaleho Juan de la Coruna.
Because of this understanding of the health of women more likely to use medical facilities.The findings, says Garcia Kalvente, "may also explain why women are more worried because of the disease, because their function is to care for others."You can also talk about the medicalization of life.However, Carmen, subjected to extreme forces, as it takes care of two family members, says that not all can be treated with medication."Why should I take the pills, if I can not relax, I can not sleep?"According to Garcia Kalvente, primary medical institutions turn to women "poultice" who "often do not solve the problem.""However, in general, women are satisfied with the work of medical institutions", - she says.
And men?"They overestimate their health, trying to match the male stereotypes imposed by society," men - durable and strong, "notes Garcia Kalvente. In fact men just hide behind the stereotype, because the disease they are suffering badly." I'm not the only person who a lot of sick.I'm very tough, but when illness knocks down, I have three or four days lying in bed, "- said one of the survey participants EASP. It is otherwise one of the women said:" Poor me ... I am very tired, I do notI know what will happen to my son, I have to take care of his mother - so much ".
On the question of exposure to disease, and men and women meet, the last in a greater degree it affects women, but agree that men worse sufferdisease. Carme Borrell said that many of the studies were aimed to evaluated whether this situation is the fact that women give more importance to disease, or that indeed they are worse feeling. The results showed that both of these options are combined "Women's health is different because it is influenced by biological factors, but it is different also because of the social parameters that lead to unfair differences in health between men and women, which could have been avoided. "
found out that the perception of the health depending on age affects the operation.According to the "Review of Women's Health" (Observatorio de la Salud de la Mujer), in 2003 21.7% of men said that their activities are subject to restrictions for more than 10 days a year, so women have answered more than 25.9% of the respondents.The data show that the labor participation of women often subjected to restrictions because of age, but also the women are much more likely than men are absent in the workplace, regardless of age.
Kalvente Garcia believes that both gender stereotypes play a negative role "for both men and women."Exhausted female middle and old age, talking about your health, focus on fatigue."They represent a diverse group of women, caring for someone in their care, women with a double day of work or difficult working conditions, which turns their lives into a vicious circle, because it takes away their free time and continuously exhausting them.""Hardy" men speaking about their health, mention "excess intake of substances" and "life model, centered around work."
career, homework and a social layer are crucial for the perception of their health, and men and women.However, says Javier del Toro, women are characterized by "constant demands on themselves.""The level of rigor to her women is enormous. They always have to prove that they are - the best and brightest, including at work."This, he admits, keeps the body in a constant state of stress that affects the perception of health and "in the end - in the emotional relations in the family"
Another fact gives food for thought.According to the report of the Public Health Agency of Barcelona, a woman living in a marriage, the worst opinion of their health ("They take the respective roles and care for those living at home"), and divorced and single women rate their health as well,as men, or even higher.The reasons for this relationship has yet to be set, but it seems that the separation makes women stronger.