Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), or "crib death" - a condition where the baby up to 1 year dies suddenly and without any prior symptoms, usually during sleep.According to the Ministry of Health of SIDS annually kill about 2,500 children aged 2 to 4 months, or about 1 in 1,000 babies.
No one knows exactly what causes SIDS, but it is believed that the following factors increase the risk of it:
- smoking parents;
- wrong posture for sleep - when the baby is sleeping face down or on its side (you can see poor posture for sleep and how to sleep a child up to a year provided in the above picture);
- premature birth (prematurity);
- low birth weight;
- sleep too soft surface;
- when the child is too hot during sleep.
How can I reduce the risk of SIDS for your child?
Always put your baby to sleep on his back.When pediatricians began recommending this practice in 1992, the infant mortality rate has decreased by as much as 50% !!!Not recommended also to lay down a baby to sleep on his side.
Remove from cot any pillows, soft toys and "ogradku" that can suddenly covered person or get in your baby's mouth and obstruct his breathing.
Maintain the correct temperature in the room where the baby sleeps - about 18 - 22 ° C.Do not wear too much on baby clothes, and if you swaddle your baby, do not make it too tight.
Some experts advise not to sleep with a newborn baby in the same bed during the first months of life, because your soft bedding, greatly increase the risk of SIDS.Others, on the contrary, believe that staying in bed allows parents to respond more quickly to changes in breathing or movement of your child.If you do choose co-sleeping with the baby, remove all fluffy blankets and make sure that the mattress is not too soft.Your baby should sleep on his back, even in your bed!
Never smoke near your baby and keep it away from those who smoke.Some doctors argue that the presence of the child's mouth pacifier during sleep may reduce the risk sudden infant death syndrome , becausenothing can get him in the mouth, but this view is not shared by all pediatricians.Therefore, give a pacifier or not - the choice is yours!