jaundice - a condition of the body, which leads to yellowing (acquisition of a yellow color) proteins eyes and skin.If a child is sick with jaundice, has fair skin, you will notice the yellow color by pressing a finger on his nose or chest.If the child has dark skin, yellowing can be seen in the whites of his eyes and gums.
most common type of jaundice - physiological neonatal jaundice - usually develops in the second - the third day of life.Most of these cases are on their own within two weeks.
What causes jaundice?
newborn baby more red blood cells than the body requires it, and often when the child's immature liver can not process them fast enough, the yellow pigment bilirubin (a breakdown product of hemoglobin) accumulates in the blood.
main part of bilirubin is derived from the child's body in the feces, but, nevertheless, almost half the children in the first two weeks of life to develop some degree of jaundice.Particularly vulnerable to jaundice are preterm (prematurely born) children
Some babies who are fed only breast milk jaundice due to a shortfall of sufficient breast milk, so that the bilirubin can not leave the body through feces.Such jaundice usually occurs in the first week of life.
addition, jaundice may be associated with blood group incompatibility between mother and child, the incompatibility of monkeys (when Rh-negative mother and her child, on the contrary - positive), infection or liver problems.Typically, such jaundice appears in the first days after birth.
Should I be concerned?
Most cases of jaundice are harmless and do not require treatment.Typically, such kiddies prescribed a blood test to measure the level of bilirubin in it (blood sampling carried out heels).
doctor may prescribe phototherapy (light therapy), which includes a finding of the Child (beggar) under special blue lights that help the body break down bilirubin.
In addition to phototherapy, very important to keep the baby from dehydration.Your doctor may recommend frequent breastfeeding or complementary feeding mixture, to provide the child plenty of fluids and to help his body to bring the bilirubin in the feces.
goal of treatment of neonatal jaundice is to reduce the levels of bilirubin.This is in order to prevent kernicterus - a disease caused by the accumulation of toxic levels of bilirubin in the baby's brain.However, under medical supervision, and proper treatment, the risk of kernicterus and the rest of complications is reduced to almost zero.