In a previous article ("How are the generations?"), We told you that a woman feels at the time of birth pangs.Now let's find out what the general need and the struggle that is happening at this time in a woman's body?After all, with the fights, or the disclosure of step starts the whole complex process of childbirth .
Due to muscle contractions that occur during labor and the pressure membranes (or the baby's head, if you have already poured out the amniotic fluid) on the cervix occurs a gradual disclosure.Prior to birth the cervix has a cylinder length of 2-3 cm and a width of about 3 cm in the center of which is the cervical canal, which leads into the uterine cavity.Cervical canal will close throughout pregnancy, but shortly before labor begins its outer mouth slightly opened (for internal inspection obstetrician can run to pin 1-2).During the first 4-6 hours after the onset of labor occurs short cervix and gradual thinning until complete smoothing.This whole process is acc
Following the disclosure of the internal os comes active part of the delivery - the stage of the expulsion of the fetus.The duration of this period is about 4-6 hours.Soreness and intensity of contractions while growing.At this point, a woman must already be in the delivery room.There are several ways that can help ease the mood mothers during labor and lead to the first stage of childbirth less painful.Read more about this in our article, "Seven ways to relieve pain during labor»
After full cervical dilatation of the cervix contractions intensified, so that there is an active promotion of the fetus from maternal birth canal.At the same time start attempts - simultaneous contraction of the muscles of the pelvic floor and abdominal muscles that contribute to the advancement of the process of stimulation of the baby.
push too should be right!It is important not to start doing it as long as the baby is not really ready to leave the womb, otherwise it can cause birth trauma, and greatly increase the risk of injury from the birth canal of the mother!It is therefore necessary during childbirth listen carefully and do all that tells you the doctor and the midwife - they will prompt you when you need to make an effort to start!
to alleviate the situation of women in labor used in maternity hospitals tables (or beds), equipped with special footrests, in which the woman rests on the time of attempts and handles, for which it is held.At the same arms and legs are in a bent position, which contributes to the tension of the abdominal muscles.
push should be only during attempts!At this point the woman to collect a pile of all the forks, type in the lungs as much air, hold your breath and abdominal muscles to try to "push" out of his child.It goes "straining" accompanied by the powerful exhalation "down."Retry again possible only by a midwife or doctor team!On average, during one battle tighter woman needs three times.On the strength of straining it depends on how fast the baby will be born.The sooner this happens, the less it will suffer in childbirth.However, the degree of effort required during straining ("strong", "less", "enough", "still", etc.) prompt only a midwife and a doctor!
also (if certain reading) the task of the doctor and the midwife is to provide a variety of obstetric maternity benefits (maternity receptions), thus helping the baby move through the birth canal.
Stage "birth" afterbirth
But labor does not end with the birth of a child!After 10-15 minutes after the birth of a baby, the woman again experiencing nagging pain in the abdomen and has a desire to make an effort - so "born" the last, which is a placenta and shell membranes.To get rid of him, a woman enough for the team doctor once tighter.If a pregnant woman is left of this force, the physician providing obstetrical benefits, it helps in this.Born the last mandatory examines midwife and a doctor.Very carefully produced the study of the placenta.In case of violation of its integrity it requires a more thorough examination of the woman, as in the uterus may remain particles placenta that are sure you want to remove.
After birth, the woman immediately examined by a doctor.He needs to assess its condition, to establish whether or not she breaks the birth canal and perineum, as well as make sure that there is no threat to her health.Once the doctor is satisfied in the successful conclusion of the birth process , he stitches in places cuts or tears, if any.This procedure is done under anesthesia (local or general), indications for which are determined by the doctor.