Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) occurs when a woman's body there are too many male hormones and not enough female hormones, making them rare or irregular ovulation.
Healthy woman grows in the ovary egg containing follicle that matures and is released during ovulation.But with hormonal imbalance, these follicles are not released, but remain within the ovary and form a small benign cysts it - this is PCOS.
combination of estrogen and male hormones disturbs the equilibrium of two other hormones - follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), a hormone involved in the process of ovulation.Accordingly, ovulation or slips or does not occur, without ovulation and male hormones remain elevated, and everything is repeated again and again.
from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or Stein-Leventhal syndrome, according to the World Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, suffering from 5 to 10% of women of childbearing age.
symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome
About half of women who are diagnosed polycystic ovary syndrome , suffer from obesity and excessive hair growth on the face, hands, lower abdomen and chest.Other symptoms include:
- irregular menstruation or lack thereof;
- very scarce, or, conversely, very heavy bleeding during menstruation;
- acne (not treatable by conventional methods, such as using the drug "Accutane");
- difficulty conceiving a child.
To diagnose PCOS, your doctor about your symptoms, talk to you about your medical history and conduct a series of analyzes and studies.Binding assays for the detection of PCOS is a blood test for hormones and ultrasound examination of the uterus and appendages to determine if ovarian cysts.
Treatment Options PCOS
If you are trying to get pregnant, then losing weight can help improve your condition and make more regular ovulation.Also, you can assign taking drugs that increase fertility, such as clomiphene and gonadotropins.
If fertility drugs, will not bring the desired effect, your doctor may prescribe insulin-sensitizing drug "Metformin" ("Glucophage", "Glikomet"), which helps many women in the treatment of PCOS.Do not be surprised if you read that this drug is prescribed for diabetics!In addition to its direct purpose, it also helps to reduce weight and to restore ovulation.
about 50 to 70% of women with PCOS who took drugs to help restore fertility, became pregnant within six to nine months.Unfortunately, one in five of these pregnancies ended in miscarriage (for the same reason - because of hormonal imbalance).
In rare cases, the doctor may prescribe a surgical removal of ovarian cysts (usually this operation is performed by laparoscopy).After such treatment improves a woman's hormones and restored ovulation, but this phenomenon is temporary.Although it is possible that pregnancy after laparoscopy in this case, still come!
proposed above treatment options polycystic ovary syndrome suitable for women who plan to become pregnant.But if you're not going to get pregnant, then you can offer birth control pills as an option to get rid of this problem.That oral contraceptives can correct your hormonal imbalance, make your regular menstrual cycles, reduce skin problems and to reduce the abnormal growth of body hair.
Prevention of polycystic ovary syndrome
Most likely, your gynecologist will recommend you undergo regular medical check-ups (at least once a year), including not only the inspection on the gynecological chair, but also a blood test for hormone levels and pelvic ultrasound.
Passage annual ultrasound of the pelvic organs of women is no less important than the inspection at the gynecologist.It is on the US doctor can detect early signs of ovarian cancer and uterine cancer, which represent a serious danger to women and lead to irregular menstruation or its complete cessation.You can reduce the risk of uterine cancer if you regulate your menstrual cycle using the combined pill or tablet form of progesterone (progestin).
If you are overweight, try to reduce it by eating a well-balanced diet and doing simple physical exercises.
Unfortunately, completely prevent the occurrence of polycystic ovary syndrome you can not, but early diagnosis and early treatment - is the best way to control it!If your menstrual cycles become irregular, or you do not have menstrual periods, see your gynecologist, who will determine the cause of the disorder of your cycle and prescribe appropriate treatment.