late toxicosis during pregnancy (preeclampsia) - is a complication of pregnancy and is a serious threat to health or life of the pregnant woman.The reasons for its occurrence has not yet been identified.Most often, preeclampsia develops in the kidney and the cardiovascular system, especially when a woman raises blood pressure and is a violation of water-salt metabolism.Also increase the risk of preeclampsia chronic diseases, genetic predisposition, the age of the expectant mother younger than 18-20 years and over 35 years of age, stress.
The occurrence of preeclampsia often observed after 30 weeks of gestation.Its first symptom is the so-called "dropsy pregnant" - the appearance of edema, which appear the most noticeable on the hands and feet.There may be hidden swelling formed on the internal organs.The mass of the body of a pregnant woman increases sharply at a rate of 1-2 kg per week.In the next stage of development of preeclampsia noted the appearance of protein in the urine and high blood
If the symptom of preeclampsia is limited only by the above symptoms, the treatment is most often performed on an outpatient basis.Expectant mother leading her pregnancy gynecologist appoints passing additional examinations, the necessary procedures, medications and adherence to a special diet.
In cases where preeclampsia progresses, there is a risk of a very dangerous and serious condition - pre-eclampsia, which threatens the woman very serious complications.
Symptoms of preeclampsia include:
- headache accompanied by dizziness and heaviness in the back of the head;
- a sharp increase in blood pressure;
- nausea and vomiting;
- emergence of "flies" before the eyes;
- severe pain in the upper abdomen.
When the first symptoms of late toxicosis need to urgently contact your gynecologist, and the manifestation of symptoms of pre-eclampsia - immediately call an ambulance emergency care and prepare for admission!