change in volume of the body and weight gain during pregnancy - it is quite natural and is easy to explain the phenomenon.A woman being pregnant, she is in itself a further, albeit very tiny, creature, and in addition to - the placenta and amniotic fluid surrounding it!However, there are women who start to recover significantly in the first trimester of pregnancy, while the baby is still very small size and weight.With what it can be connected?First, with flatulence.Against the background of hormonal changes in the body increases the blood filling the abdominal vessels, which causes swelling of the small intestinal wall.In addition, during pregnancy worsens peristalsis, that is, it becomes "lazy."This results in the increased formation and accumulation of gases having constipation.To cope with these troubles, you need to eat right ( See. Also : Meals trimester of pregnancy, proper nutrition).To reduce gas formation in the intestine it is recommended to take activated charcoal or drink a cup of c
pregnancy becomes well marked after 20 weeks.By this time the stomach of a woman noticeably rounded and protruding.Since then, he will grow very fast!But at the same time, the growth of the baby, there will be new problems.The first problem - the woman becomes difficult to breathe.This is due to the fact that the uterus is significantly enlarged, lifts the diaphragm.Inhale "deeply" a woman can now not before the 38th week before the birth when her belly falls.The second problem - a search for a comfortable position to sleep.Up to 20 weeks of pregnancy many women are comfortable to sleep on your back, placing a small pillow under your lower back and legs.But late in pregnancy such a posture would be uncomfortable.Lying on his back becomes impossible, because the uterus potyazhelevshy peredavlivaet large blood vessels, which can lead to the occurrence of inconvenience for the mother and oxygen deprivation to the fetus.Therefore, there is only one woman - to get more comfortable on the side (preferably on the left), and try to sleep ...
As the belly shifting the center of gravity and increases the pressure on the joints and bones of the pelvis and lower back.Because of this, there is considerable discomfort women up to pain.If such discomfort a woman begin to worry too much, then there is a need to seek medical help.Such problems can be caused by lack of calcium and vitamins, but in some cases have to be examined by a neurologist and a surgeon.
Weight gain during pregnancy - one of the most important indicators by which to assess their well-being.That is why at every scheduled prenatal visits must always be weighed!Ascending body weight monitored the growth rate of the child, the development of the placenta, as well as the general condition of the woman.Weight during pregnancy increases unevenly.The smallest increase recorded in the first twelve weeks - only 1.5 kg in three months.In the second trimester, weight women increased by an average of 6 kg, and in the third - 4 kg.That is, the total for the entire pregnancy weight gain is about 10 kg.They are distributed as follows:
- fruit - 3.5 kg;
- amniotic fluid - 0.9 kg;
- placenta - 0.7 kg;
- increase in the uterus - 0.8 kg;
- breast enlargement - 0.8 kg;
- increase of adipose tissue - 3.5 kg;
- increase in blood volume - 1.8 kg.
should be noted that the above figures - the average, so they can be changed individually for each woman.Anyway, weight gain during pregnancy - especially individual indicator.But even despite this, the increase in weight of more than 12 kg is considered a pathology!Moms, strongly recovered during pregnancy require increased attention of doctors.However, if a woman has had a pre-pregnancy overweight, for her weight gain even in the 10 kg is excessive!Such women during pregnancy suffer from high blood pressure, severe pain in the legs and lower back, shortness of breath, as their cardiovascular system, the musculoskeletal system and internal organs are subjected to high loads.Full-bodied women during pregnancy should follow a special diet, which for her elaborate dietitian.Also consult the specialist needs of women with multiple pregnancies, because their weight gain varies from 15 to 22 kg.Inadequate weight gain is also a very alarming symptom for pregnant women.If the woman does not suffer from obesity before pregnancy, during pregnancy scored less than 9 kg, then it has a high risk of likelihood of having a baby with low birth weight and poor health.If the increase is less than 7 kg, this indicates severe disorders in the body of the future mother, as well as serious violations in the growth and development of the child.